Isle of Man
- Introduction ::Isle of ManBackground:Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.Geography ::Isle of ManLocation:Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and IrelandGeographic coordinates:54 15 N, 4 30 WArea:total: 572 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 194land: 572 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:160 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive fishing zone: 12 nmClimate:temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the timeTerrain:hills in north and south bisected by central valleyElevation extremes:lowest point: Irish Sea 0 mhighest point: Snaefell 621 mNatural resources:noneLand use:arable land: 43.86%permanent crops: 0%other: 56.14% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2011)Irrigated land:0 sq km (2011)Natural hazards:NAEnvironment - current issues:waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollutionGeography - note:one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuaryPeople and Society ::Isle of ManNationality:noun: Manxman (men), Manxwoman (women)adjective: ManxEthnic groups:Manx (Norse-Celtic descent), BritonsLanguages:English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)Religions:Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman CatholicPopulation:86,159 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 199Age structure:0-14 years: 16.4% (male 7,456/female 6,692)15-24 years: 11.9% (male 5,298/female 4,983)25-54 years: 39.7% (male 17,055/female 17,186)55-64 years: 12.8% (male 5,574/female 5,478)65 years and over: 19.1% (male 7,597/female 8,840) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 43.1 yearsmale: 42.4 yearsfemale: 43.8 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.84% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Birth rate:11.27 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 174Death rate:9.99 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 52Net migration rate:7.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 16Urbanization:urban population: 51% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:DOUGLAS (capital) 26,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/femaletotal population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 4.22 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 195male: 4.16 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 4.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 80.87 yearscountry comparison to the world: 24male: 79.25 yearsfemale: 82.61 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.95 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 135HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:NAUnemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 7.2%country comparison to the world: 124male: 9.5%female: 5.1% (2006)Government ::Isle of ManCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Isle of Manabbreviation: I.O.M.Dependency status:British crown dependencyGovernment type:parliamentary democracyCapital:name: Douglasgeographic coordinates: 54 09 N, 4 29 Wtime difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in OctoberAdministrative divisions:none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own electionsIndependence:none (British crown dependency)National holiday:Tynwald Day, 5 JulyConstitution:unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx ConstitutionLegal system:the laws of the UK where applicable apply and include Manx statutesSuffrage:16 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)head of government: Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)cabinet: Council of Ministers(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; the chief minister elected by the Tynwald for a five-year term; election last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)election results: House of Keys speaker Allan BELL elected chief minister by the Tynwald with 27 votes out of 30Legislative branch:bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)elections: House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 3, independents 21Judicial branch:highest court(s): Isle of Man High Courts of Justice (consists of 3 permanent judges called ""deemsters"" and 1 judge of appeal; organized into the Staff of Government Division or Court of Appeal and the Civil Division)note - appeals beyond the High Court of Justice are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor; judge tenure NAsubordinate courts: High Court; Court of Summary Gaol Delivery; Summary Courts; magistrate's Court; specialized courtsPolitical parties and leaders:Alliance for Progressive GovernmentLiberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]Manx Labor PartyManx Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]note:most members sit as independentsPolitical pressure groups and leaders:Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog)Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the TynwaldInternational organization participation:UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (British crown dependency)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (British crown dependency)Flag description:red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat-of-arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-65); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbolNational symbol(s):triskelion (a motif of three legs)National anthem:name: ""Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin"" (O Land of Our Birth)lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditionalnote: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, ""God Save the Queen"" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are presentEconomy ::Isle of ManEconomy - overview:Offshore banking, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Trade is mostly with the UK. In January 2013, the Isle of Man signed a tax agreement with Guernsey and Jersey, in order to enable the islands' authorities to end tax avoidance and evasion. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets.GDP (purchasing power parity):$4.076 billion (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 176$2.719 billion (2005 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$4.076 billion (2007 est.)GDP - real growth rate:5.2% (2005)country comparison to the world: 56GDP - per capita (PPP):$53,800 (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 12$35,000 (2005 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1%industry: 11%services: 88% (FY08/09 est.)Agriculture - products:cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultryIndustries:financial services, light manufacturing, tourismLabor force:41,790 (2006)country comparison to the world: 195Labor force - by occupation:agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2%manufacturing: 5%construction: 8%gas, electricity, and water: 1%transport and communication: 9%wholesale and retail distribution: 11%professional and scientific services: 20%public administration: 7%banking and finance: 23%tourism: 1%entertainment and catering: 5%miscellaneous services: 8% (2006)Unemployment rate:2% (April 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 151.8% (October 2010 est.)Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $965 millionexpenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)Taxes and other revenues:23.7% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)country comparison to the world: 136Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):0.5% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)country comparison to the world: 37Fiscal year:1 April - 31 MarchInflation rate (consumer prices):5% (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 1433.1% (2006)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NAExports:$NAExports - commodities:tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lambImports:$NAImports - commodities:timber, fertilizers, fishDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar -0.6307 (2011)0.6472 (2011)0.6472 (2010)0.6175 (2009)0.5302 (2008)Communications ::Isle of ManTelephone system:domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone systeminternational: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cableBroadcast media:national public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)Internet country code:.imInternet hosts:895 (2012)country comparison to the world: 174Transportation ::Isle of ManAirports:1 (2013)country comparison to the world: 219Airports - with paved runways:total: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)Railways:total: 63 kmcountry comparison to the world: 128narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)Roadways:total: 500 km (2008)country comparison to the world: 195Merchant marine:total: 321country comparison to the world: 30by type: bulk carrier 59, cargo 55, chemical tanker 52, container 7, liquefied gas 43, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 93, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 5foreign-owned: 223 (Bermuda 7, Chile 9, Denmark 30, Germany 56, Greece 62, Ireland 1, Japan 19, Malaysia 6, Norway 30, South Africa 2, US 1) (2010)Ports and terminals:Douglas, RamseyMilitary ::Isle of ManManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 15,206females age 16-49: 15,127 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 507female: 494 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::Isle of ManDisputes - international:none"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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